What to Disable (Windows 10)
Installing Windows 10 on an old or inexpensive computer can lead to speed issues, as many of our customers in Colorado Springs have recently discovered. While Windows 10 solves many of the gripes users had with older versions, like the 'Metro' layout of Windows 8, it introduces a host of new problems with tracking and prediction services that are always on by default.
Follow this guide to reclaim your computer's lost processing power and enjoy a more streamlined experience immediately.
Superfetch, known as Prefetch in older versions of Windows, is a service that predicts what resources you will need while you are working on your PC. Superfetch then caches these resources, or loads them before you ask for it for quicker access once they are needed. Unfortunately, this can cause problems with certain types of programs or for users that leave many applications open at once. Superfetch is especially a problem for gamers.
To disable Superfetch in Windows 10, navigate to your start menu (or press the 'Windows' button on your keyboard) and type 'services.msc' in the search box.Press enter to launch the services Window, then:
- Locate 'Superfetch' in the resulting list.
- Right-click 'Superfetch' and select 'Properties'.
- Select the 'Stop' button to stop the service.
- Optionally, select 'Disabled' in the 'Startup type' dropdown box to prevent it from opening again in the future.
- Press 'Apply' then 'OK' to save your changes.
Cortana is the voice-enabled digital assistant bundled with all versions of Windows 10. If you don't plan on using Cortana as a productivity tool, disabling it may improve your PC's performance by freeing up valuable resources. To disable Cortana, click the Cortana icon in the taskbar, select the 'Settings' icon in the resulting window (it looks like a cog wheel on the left side of the window), and set all of the settings to 'Off'.
Into the Settings
The next several tips will all be found in the Windows 10 'Settings' menu, which can be accessed by selecting 'Settings' from the Start Menu, or by typing 'Settings' into the start menu search bar.
First, we'll get those pesky desktop notifications under control so that you can stay focused on your work and leave your computer ready to process more important things. From the 'Settings' menu, select 'System, then 'Notifications & actions' from the navigation bar on the left side of the window. We suggest disabling everything except for 'Show app notifications', and then selectively allowing only your preferred applications to deliver those notifications. You can select which applications you want to hear from on the same window, under the main settings.
Windows Store Apps
Starting with Windows 10, Microsoft includes applications in your start menu that you didn't put there. These are 'Apps' that are available on the Windows Store, and since you didn't ask for them to be there, they are essentially advertisements. To prevent these apps from cluttering up your start menu, navigate back to the 'Home' tab of your 'Settings' window and select 'Personalization'. From there, select 'Start' on the left side of the screen and disable the slider labeled 'Occasionally show suggestions in Start'.
The release of Windows 10 marked a dark day for digital privacy. While there are many things you can do to reclaim a bit of your digital identity, it is essentially surrendered to Microsoft as they move to a more open, advertiser-friendly and subscription-based operating system model. To do what you can for your privacy while slightly speeding up your computer, select 'Privacy' and then 'General' from the navigation bar. Unless you specifically need these services, you should turn the following off:
- 'Let apps use my advertising ID for experiences across apps'
- 'Send Microsoft info about how I write to help us improve typing and writing in the future.'
- 'Let apps on my other devices open apps and continue experiences on this device.'
- 'Let apps on my other devices use Bluetooth to open apps and continue experiences on this device.'
Once you've completed the previous step, navigate to 'Speech, inking & typing', still located under the 'Privacy' tab, and select 'Stop getting to know me' to end some additional data collection.
Many apps run in the background of Windows 10 by default, even if you have never and will never use them. As expected, these apps are mostly Windows Store apps and are unrelated to your actual browsing habits. Having these apps run in the background is a massive resource drain for your computer. To selectively disable apps you don't plan on using, navigate to 'Background apps' in the 'Privacy' menu and review the list. Don't worry about disabling something important, since you can still voluntarily open programs that aren't on this list.
Unless you specifically enjoy having your settings sync between all of your Windows devices, you should protect your privacy and speed up your device by disabling the feature altogether. To change this setting, navigate to the 'Home' tab of the 'Settings' window, then select 'Accounts' and 'Sync your settings' from the navigation menu on the left side of the window. Move the slider to 'Off' to seal the deal.
If you are using a laptop, you may benefit from tweaking your computer to use more resources when you are receiving power from a wall outlet. These settings exist mainly as a way to conserve battery power on-the-go, but can also be used in the exact opposite manner. To view your power plan, right-click the battery indicator icon in the icon tray at the bottom-right corner of your screen. From there, select 'Power options' to access the necessary menu. On this window, you can select the 'High performance' power plan for an instant speed boost. If the 'High performance' plan is not available, expand the space under 'Show additional plans' by clicking the arrow located next to it. Feel free to explore the wide variety of options available to you to meet your individual needs.
To reduce the load on your graphics card and reduce input lag, it may also be useful to limit the amount of visual effects Windows can use. These effects change how the mouse pointer, menus and other Windows frames appear and animate themselves, so you won't lose much functionality by disabling some of the settings. Changing visual effects would most benefit graphic designers, video editors or multimedia enthusiasts.
To access the visual effects settings, type 'sysdm.cpl' into the Windows search box and press enter. In the System Properties window, select the 'Advanced' tab and then the 'Settings' button under 'Performance'. In the Performance Options window, you can adjust your visual settings for best appearance, best performance, or a balance of the two by selecting the appropriate radio button.